A. Purpose of Grading

1. The purpose of grading is to assist pupils in the process of learning; all grading systems will be subject to continual review and revision to that end.

2. Grades acknowledge a pupil’s demonstrated proficiency in the New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards and locally established learning goals and objectives:

a. Active participation in and attention to daily lessons,

b. Frequent contribution to discussions,

c. Prompt, thorough, accurate, and neat preparation of assignments,

d. Thorough preparation and performance on tests and assessments,

e. Display of an eagerness to learn and an inquisitive approach to lessons,

f. Attention to the need for proper materials,

g. Cooperation with the teacher’s efforts, and

h. Willingness to work to the best of his/her ability and to do more than the minimum expected.

B. Preparation for Grading

1. Each pupil must be informed of the behavior and achievements expected of him/her at the outset of each course of study or unit of study.

2. Each pupil must be kept informed of his/her progress during the course of a unit of study. Pupils who so request are entitled to see the grades resulting from their performance during the grading period.

3. Each method of grading shall be appropriate to the course of study and the maturity and abilities of the pupils.

4. Pupils should be encouraged to evaluate their own achievements.

5. The process of review and revision will involve teaching staff members, parent(s) or legal guardian(s), and, as appropriate, pupils.

C. Grading Periods

1. Grades will be awarded at the end of four marking periods in each school year, except for Kindergarten which is three.

2. Pupils will be given notice of their mid-term grades at mid-point of each marking period.

3. Pupils will be given a final grade in each subject at the end of the school year.

4. Grades will be recorded on report cards for parent(s) or legal guardian(s) notification in accordance with Policy No. 5420 and Regulation No. 5420.

D. Basis for Grading and Meaning of Grades

The teacher responsible for assigning a grade should take into consideration the pupil’s:

1. Completion of written assignments prepared in the classroom or elsewhere;

2. Oral contributions in class, including discussion responses, observations, panel participation, presentations, initiation of topics;

3. Performance on oral and written tests and quizzes;

4. Research into standard references and other background materials;

5. Oral and written reports on , materials read by the pupil;

6. Laboratory work, when applicable;

7. Term papers, when applicable;

8. Special oral or written reports;

9. Other evidences of the pupil’s constructive efforts and achievements in learning; and

10. For the final grade, the pupil’s attendance record, in accordance with Policy Nos. 5200, 5410, and 5460.

Each level; primary, middle and high school will develop their particular basis for grading with the meaning of those grades. This information will be conveyed to all parent(s) or legal guardian(s) in student handbooks and on individual report cards.

E. Grade Validation

In order that he/she may justify a grade, each teacher is directed to retain in his/her possession the following records to validate grades awarded to pupils. The records should be kept for a minimum of six years after the end of the school year in which the grades were awarded.

1. The daily attendance and tardiness record;

2. All grades earned for classroom activities such as quizzes, tests, reports, and class recitations;

3. All grades earned for activities conducted elsewhere, such as homework assignments and term papers;

4. Any notation regarding the meaning of each grade and its relation to the type of activity or material covered;

5. Any notation of discussions with the pupil on a grade or the pupil’s cumulative grade average;

6. Any referrals for guidance, discipline, and the like; and

7. Any notations recording communications between the teacher and the parent(s) or legal guardian(s), the Principal, or other teaching staff members.

F. Appeal

1. Each teacher is responsible for the determination of the grade a pupil receives for participation in the teacher’s course of study.

2. Each teacher may be required to furnish reasons, supported by evidence to substantiate any grade earned.

3. If a grade is challenged by a pupil or a parent(s) or legal guardian(s), the teacher will convene a conference and will explain the grading system and the reasons for the final grade.

4. If the parent(s) or legal guardian(s) or pupil is not satisfied by the teacher’s explanations, he/she may appeal the grade to the Principal, who will consult with the teacher and the pupil in an attempt to resolve the dispute. The Principal will give every reasonable deference to the teacher’s professional judgment.

5. If the Principal determines that the grade should be changed, he/she will alter the grade on all records and indicate by whose authority the grade has been changed.

6. No reprisals will be taken in any form against a teacher who remains determined in his/her belief that the grade originally given is fair and correct.

7. The Superintendent may hear an appeal from the Principal’s determination. Only in the most extraordinary circumstances will the Superintendent alter a grade determined at the school building level.

Issued: 21 April 2005