The following terms used in these bylaws, policies, and regulations shall have the meanings set forth below unless the context requires a different meaning or a different definition is supplies:
“Board” means the Board of Education of Vernon Township.
“Bylaw” means a rule of the Board for its own operation.
“Chief School Administrator” means the Chief Executive Officer of this school district, whose title in this district is Superintendent.
“Collective Bargaining”, “Negotiated Agreement”, or “Collective Bargaining Agreement” means a contract collectively negotiated by the Board of Education and a recognized bargaining unit.
“Commissioner” means the New Jersey State Commissioner of Education.
“Core Curriculum Content Standards” means the New Jersey Student Learning Standards.
“County Superintendent” means the Executive County Superintendent of Schools designated by the Department of Education for this school district.
“Day” means a calendar day.
“Division of Youth and Family Services” or “DYFS” means the New Jersey Department of Children and Families – Division of Child Protection and Permanency or DCP&P.
“Executive County Superintendent” means the “County Superintendent designated by the Department of Education for this school district.”
“Full Board” means the authorized number of voting members of the Board of Education.
“Meeting” means a gathering that is attended by or open to all of the members of the Board of Education, held with the intent on the part of the Board members present to discuss or act as a unit on the specific public business of the Board of Education.
“New Jersey Student Learning Standards” or “NJSLS” means standards adopted by the State Board of Education on May 1, 1996, and as thereafter revised by the State Board, and the Common Core State Standards adopted by the State Board on June 16, 2010, and as thereafter revised by the State Board, and the Common Core State Standards adopted by the State Board on June 16, 2010, and as thereafter revised by the State Board, that describe the knowledge and skills all New Jersey students are expected to acquire by benchmark grades in the following areas: English language arts; mathematics; science; social studies;; visual and performing arts; comprehensive health and physical education; world languages; technology; and 21st century life and careers. The standards are established for the provision of a thorough and efficient education pursuant to N.J.S.A. 18A:7F-46 and as a basis for the evaluation of school districts in accordance with N.J.A.C. 6A:30.
“Parent” means the natural parent(s), adoptive parent(s), legal guardian(s), foster parent(s), or parent surrogate(s) of a student. Where parents are separated or divorced, “parent” means the person or agency who has legal custody of the student, as well as the natural or adoptive parent(s) of the student provided such parental rights have not been terminated by a court of appropriate jurisdiction.
“Policy” means a Statement, formally adopted by the Board of Education, in which the Board recognizes the mandates and constraints of law, establishes practices and standards binding on staff members and students, and gives direction to the Superintendent.
“President” means the President of the Board of Education.
“Principal” means the administrator in charge of a school building or facility; except where prohibited by law, “Principal or designee” means the qualified person duly delegated by the Principal to discharge a particular duty in place of the Principal.
“Professional employee” means an employee who holds a position for which a certificate issued by the New Jersey State Board of Examiners is required.
“Pupil” means a student enrolled in a school in this district.
“Regulation” means a Statement developed and promulgated by the Superintendent that details the specific operations by which Board policy or a legal mandate is implemented.
“Secretary” means the Secretary of the Board of Education.
“Student” means a pupil enrolled in a school in this district.
“Superintendent” means the Chief School Administrator of this school district; except where prohibited by law, “Superintendent or designee” means the qualified person duly delegated by the Superintendent to discharge a particular duty in place of the Superintendent.
“Support staff member” means an employee who holds a position for which no certificate issued by the New Jersey State Board of Examiners is required.
“Teaching staff member” means an employee who holds a position for which a certificate issued by the New Jersey State Board of Examiners is required.
“Treasurer” means the Treasurer of School Moneys for this school district.
The following rules of construction apply to these bylaws, policies and regulations:
Except as may otherwise be expressly provided, a bylaw, policy or regulation will become effective on the date it is adopted and a revised bylaw, policy or regulation will become effective on the date it is revised.
Bylaws, policies and regulations may contain citations to the following codifications of State and Federal laws and regulations:
N.J.S.A. 2C Code of Criminal Justice
N.J.S.A. 9 Children-Juvenile and Domestic Relations
N.J.S.A. 10 Civil Rights
N.J.S.A. 11 Civil Service
N.J.S.A. 17 Corporations and Institutions for Finance and Insurance
N.J.S.A. 18A Education
N.J.S.A. 19 Elections
N.J.S.A. 24 Food and Drug
N.J.S.A. 26 Health and Vital Statistics
N.J.S.A 27 Highways
N.J.S.A. 30 Institutions and Agencies
N.J.S.A. 34 Labor and Worker’s Compensation
N.J.S.A. 36 Legal Holidays
N.J.S.A. 39 Motor Vehicles and Traffic Regulation
N.J.S.A. 41 Oaths and Affidavits
N.J.S.A. 45 Professions and Affidavits
N.J.S.A. 47 Public Records
N.J.S.A. 52 State Government, Departments, and Officers
N.J.S.A. 53 State Police
N.J.S.A. 54 Taxation
N.J.S.A. 59 Tort Claims
N.J.A.C. 1 Administrative Law
N.J.A.C. 6 & 6A Education
N.J.A.C. 8 Health
N.J.A.C. 10 Human Services
N.J.A.C. 13 Law and Public Safety
N.J.A.C. 17 Treasury-General
If any part of this manual is made invalid by judicial decision or legislative or administrative enactment, all other parts shall remain in full effect unless and until they are amended or repealed by the Board of Education or until regulations issued by the Superintendent are amended.
The official record of the adoption, issuance, amendment, or repeal of the bylaws, policies and regulations of this district shall be the minutes of meetings of the Board of Education. Such alterations shall be duly entered in this manual; a master copy of the bylaw, policy and regulation shall be maintained on the District website.
Adopted: December 2016
The official name of the Board of Education shall be “The Board of Education of the Township
of Vernon in the County of Sussex.”
The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Pre-K through twelve in the School District of Vernon Township.
The Vernon Township School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of Vernon Township.
The school district shall be classified as a Type II district. Address
The address of the Board of Education shall be:
539 Route 515, P.O. Box 99, Vernon, NJ 07462
N.J.S.A. 18A:8-1; 18A:9-2; 18A:9-3; 18A:10-2
N.J.S.A. 18A:13-2; 18A:13-3
Adopted: 21 April 2005
The Board of Education is constituted, authorized, and governed by the statutes of the State of New Jersey, Title 18A, Education.
The Board shall make, amend, and repeal rules not inconsistent with statutes or with the rules of the State Board of Education for its own government and the transaction of its business and for the government and management of the public schools and the public property of the school district and for the employment, regulation of, conduct, and discharge of its employees. The Board shall perform all acts and do all things, consistent with law and the rules of the State Board, necessary for the proper conduct, equipment and maintenance of the public schools of the district.
N.J.S.A. 18A:10-1; 18A:11-1; 18A:16-1; 18A:20-1; 18A:27-4
Adopted: 21 April 2005
The Board of Education shall exercise its rule-making power by adopting bylaws and policies for the operation of the organization and school district.
Adoption, Amendment, and Repeal
Bylaws and policies may be adopted, amended, and repealed at any meeting of the Board, provided the proposed adoption, amendment, or repeal has been proposed and approved at a previous meeting of the Board.
The Board may at its organization meeting and by a majority vote of those present and voting readopt existing bylaws and policies without prior notice.
The Board may, under emergency circumstances, suspend the operation of a bylaw or policy and adopt, amend, or repeal a bylaw or policy without prior notice. The emergency adoption, amendment, or repeal of a bylaw or policy shall terminate at the next meeting of the Board or at such earlier date as may be specified by the Board unless further acted upon by the Board.
The adoption, amendment, repeal, or suspension of a bylaw or policy shall be recorded in the minutes of the Board. Any policy or part of a policy that is superseded by a term in a negotiated agreement or by a subsequently adopted policy shall no longer be in force and effect as a policy.
Promulgation and Distribution
A manual of bylaws and policies shall be maintained. A copy of the manual of bylaws and policies shall be given to each Board member, the Superintendent, the Board Secretary, the Board Attorney, each Building Principal, and other individuals designated by the Superintendent.
The Superintendent shall institute a plan for the orderly promulgation of policies to staff members who are affected by them and shall provide staff members with access to an up-to-date manual of Board bylaws and policies.
Each copy of the manual of bylaws and policies shall be numbered; a record of the placement of each manual shall be maintained by the Superintendent or designee. Copies of revised pages will be furnished to the holders of manuals as changes are made to bylaws and policies. The holder of the policy manual shall return the manual to the Board Secretary upon the termination of his/her service to the district.
The manual of bylaws and policies shall be considered a public record open to inspection in the office of the Superintendent or designee. The manual retained by the Superintendent or designee shall be considered the master copy of the policy manual and shall not be modified by any person other than the Superintendent or designee.
Development of Bylaws and Policies
Bylaws and policies will be developed and considered by the Board in accordance with the following procedure:
1. A new or revised bylaw or policy may be suggested to the Board by any Board member, the Superintendent, any staff member, or a member of the public;
2. A suggestion for a new or revised bylaw or policy may be referred, at the discretion of the President and as appropriate to the subject, to the Superintendent, a Board committee, or a public advisory committee for study and formulation of a recommendation to the Board. Any study of a policy suggestion should consider whether the matter is adequately addressed in existing Board policy and whether the matter is more appropriately addressed by administrative regulation;
3. If a recommendation for a new or revised bylaw or policy results from referral for study, a proposed draft will be submitted to the Board for discussion and approval on first reading. Copies of the proposed draft will be made available to staff members and the public, and comment will be invited. Changes of the draft may be made, by a simple majority vote, when the draft is presented for approval on first reading;
4. The proposed draft, approved on first reading, will be submitted for adoption at the next regular meeting of the Board. Changes in the draft may be made by a simple majority vote. A change that alters the substantive meaning of the draft will constitute a new first reading, and the draft must be presented for adoption at the next succeeding Board meeting. A change that is merely editorial may be followed by a vote to adopt the new or revised bylaw or policy on second reading.
Adopted: April 2014
The Board of Education may assume jurisdiction over any dispute or controversy arising within this school district and concerning any matter over which authority has been vested in the Board by statute, rule of the State Board of Education, or a contract or policy of this Board.
The Board may hold hearings that will offer the parties to a dispute, on notice duly given, a fair and impartial forum for the resolution of the matter.
Beyond the basic requirements of due process a hearing will vary in form and content as dictated by the severity of the consequences that may flow from the Board’s determination, the degree of difficulty of establishing findings of fact from conflicting evidence, and the impact of the Board’s decision on the school district.
Regulations for the conduct of adjudicatory hearings of the Board shall be prepared as guidelines for those who may be heard by the Board.
A decision of the Board may be appealed to the Commissioner of Education. N.J.S.A. 18A:11-1
Adopted: 21 April 2005
The Board of Education may determine to conduct a self-evaluation on a periodic or regular basis. In the event the Board determines to conduct a self-evaluation, it will adopt an evaluation instrument that permits individual Board members to record their assessments of the conduct of the Board in fulfilling its responsibilities in accordance with applicable statutes and administrative codes.
The assessments will be tabulated by the Board President or designee and presented for discussion at a regular meeting of the Board in which the Superintendent will be invited to participate. The Board will formulate, as appropriate, goals and priorities that will serve to guide the Board’s future conduct.
Adopted: April 2005
Revised: April 2015
Each member of the Board of Education shall possess the qualifications required by law and shall be bound by the provisions of the School Ethics Act.
Qualification of Office
A Board member must be a citizen of the United States.
A Board member must be a resident of the district the member represents and must have been such for at least one year immediately preceding the member’s election or appointment
A Board member must be able to read and write.
A Board member must be registered to vote in the district and not disqualified from voting pursuant to N.J.S.A. 19:4-1.
A Board member may not be convicted of a crime or offense as listed in N.J.S.A.18A:12-1.
A Board member cannot concurrently hold office as mayor or a member of the governing body of Vernon Township.
Each member of the Board of Education, within thirty days of election or appointment to the Board shall undergo a criminal history background investigation for the purpose of ensuring the member is not disqualified from membership due to a criminal conviction or a crime or offense listed in N.J.S.A. 18A:12-1 et seq. The Board of Education will reimburse the Board member for the costs of the criminal history record check. The Commissioner of Education will also notify the Board if a Board member has charges enumerated in N.J.S.A. 18A:12-1 pending against him/her and the Board shall take appropriate action. If the pending charges result in conviction, the member shall be disqualified from continued membership on the Board.
“Business” means any corporation, partnership, firm, enterprise, franchise, association, trust, sole proprietorship, union, political organization, or other legal entity but does not include a school district or other public entity.
“Interest” means the ownership of or control of more than ten percent of the profits, assets, or stocks of a business but does not include the control of assets in a labor union.
“Immediate family” means the person to whom the Board member is legally married and any dependent child of the Board member residing in the same household.
No Board member or member of his/her immediate family shall have an interest in a business organization or engage in any business, transaction, or professional activity that is in substantial conflict with the proper discharge of his/her duties in the public interest.
No Board member shall use or attempt to use his/her official position to secure unwarranted privileges, advantages, or employment for him/herself, members of his/her immediate family, or others.
No Board member shall act in his/her official capacity in any matter where he/she, a member of his/her immediate family, or a business organization in which he/she has an interest, has a direct or indirect financial or personal involvement that might reasonably be expected to impair his/her independence of judgment in the exercise of official duties. No Board member shall act in his/her official capacity in any matter where he/she or a member of his/her immediate family has a personal involvement that is or creates some benefit to the Board member or a member of his/her immediate family.
No Board member shall undertake any employment or service, whether compensated or not, which might reasonably be expected to prejudice his/her independence of judgment in the exercise of official duties.
No Board member of member of his/her immediate family or business organization in which he/she has an interest shall solicit or accept any gift, favor, loan, political contribution, service, promise of future employment, or other thing of value based upon an understanding that the gift, favor, loan, contribution, service, promise, or other thing of value was given or offered for the purpose of influencing him/her, directly or indirectly, in the discharge of his/her official duties, except that the member may have solicited or accepted contributions to his/her campaign for election to public office
if he/she had no knowledge or reason to believe that the campaign contribution, if accepted, was given with the intent to influence him/her in the discharge of official duties. Board members may not accept offers of meals, entertainment or hospitality which are limited to clients/customers of the individual providing such hospitality. Board members may attend hospitality suites or receptions at conferences only when they are open to all persons attending the conference.
No Board member shall use, or allow to be used, his public office or any information not generally available to the members of the public which he/she receives or acquires in the course of and by reason of his/her office, for the purpose of securing financial gain for him/herself, any member of his/her immediate family, or any business organization with which he/she is associated.
No Board member or business organization in which he/she has an interest shall represent any person or party other than the Board of Education or this school district in connection with any cause, proceeding, application, or other matter pending before this school district or in any proceeding involving this school district, except that this provision shall not be deemed to prohibit representation within the context of official labor union or similar representational responsibilities.
It is not a conflict of interest if, merely by reason of his/her participation in any matter voted upon by the Board, a Board member accrues material or monetary gain that is no greater than the gain that could reasonably be expected to accrue to any other member of the member’s business, profession, occupation, or group.
No elected Board member shall be prohibited from making an inquiry for information on behalf of a constituent, if no fee, reward, or other thing of value is promised to or given to or accepted by the member or a member of his/her immediate family, whether directly or indirectly, in return for the information so requested.
Nothing shall prohibit a Board member or members of his/her immediate family from representing him/herself or themselves in negotiations, or proceedings concerning his/her or their own interests, except that Board members shall disqualify themselves from participating in negotiations and voting on collective bargaining agreements where their spouse or dependent children are members of the bargaining unit.
Each Board member shall annually, in accordance with N.J.S.A. 18A:12-25 and 18A:12-26, file a disclosure statement regarding potential conflicts of interest.
Ineligibility for District Employment
A Board member cannot be appointed to a paid office or position required to be filled by the Board, except where law permits or requires that the office or position be filled by a Board member, and is ineligible for appointment to a paid office or position in the district for at least six months after the member’s retirement, resignation, or removal from Board membership.
Code of Ethics
In accordance with N.J.S.A. 18A:12-24.1 every Board member will abide by the following Code of Ethics. The Board member will:
a. Uphold and enforce all laws, rules and regulations of the State Board of Education and court orders pertaining to schools. Desired changes shall be brought about only through legal and ethical procedures.
b. Make decisions in terms of the educational welfare of children and seek to develop and maintain public schools that meet the individual needs of all children regardless of their ability, race, creed, sex, or social standing.
c. Confine his/her Board action to policy making, planning and appraisal, and help to frame policies and plans only after the Board has consulted those who will be affected by them.
d. Carry out his/her responsibility not to administer the schools, but together with fellow
Board members, insure they are well run.
e. Recognize that authority rests with the Board of Education and make no personal promises nor take any private action that may compromise the Board.
f. Refuse to surrender his/her independent judgment to special interest or partisan political groups or to use the schools for personal gain or for the gain or friends.
g. Hold confidential all matters pertaining to the schools, which, if disclosed, would needlessly injure individuals, or the schools. In all other matters, he/she will provide accurate information and, in concert with fellow Board members, interpret to the staff the aspirations of the community for its school.
h. Vote to appoint the best-qualified personnel available after consideration of the recommendation of the chief administrative officer.
i. Support and protect school personnel in proper performance of their duties.
j. Refer all complaints to the chief administrative officer and act on the complaints at public meetings only after failure of an administrative solution.
Each Board member is required to sign an acknowledgment that he/she received a copy, read and will become familiar with the Code of Ethics for School Board Members contained within N.J.S.A. 18A:12-21 et seq. The Board Secretary will provide each Board member with a copy of the Code of Ethics and the required acknowledgement on an annual basis and will maintain the original signed acknowledgment(s) in the central office.
The Board will receive a copy of and discuss the School Ethics Act and the Code of Ethics for School Board Members, pursuant to N.J.S.A. 12-21 et seq., at a regular scheduled public meeting each year. The discussion may include presentations by school administrative staff, the Board attorney, Board members and/or other professionals familiar with the School Ethics Act and the Code of Ethics. In addition, Board Secretary will keep the Board informed of decisions by the School Ethics Commission, Commissioner of Education, State Board of Education and courts.
Oath of Office
Each Board member shall, before entering upon the duties of the office, swear or affirm under oath that he/she qualifies for membership and will faithfully discharge the duties of the office of Board member.
N.J.S.A. 18A:12-1; 18A:12-1.1; 18A:12-2; 18A:12-2.1; 18A:12-21 through 18A:12-34
School Ethics Commission Policy Guideline 1.
Adopted: 18 September 2003
Revised: September 2012
The Board of Education adopts this Nepotism Policy as a condition of receiving State aid pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:23A-6.2.
For the purposes of this Policy, “relative” means an individual’s spouse, by marriage or civil union, pursuant to N.J.S.A. 37:1-33, domestic partner as defined in N.J.S.A. 26:8A-3, or the individual’s or spouse’s parent, child, sibling, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew, grandparent, grandchild, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, stepparent, stepchild, stepbrother, stepsister, half-brother or half-sister, whether the relative is related to the individual or the individual’s spouse by blood, marriage or adoption.
For the purposes of this Policy, “immediate family member” means the person’s spouse, partner in a civil union as defined in N.J.S.A. 37:1-33, domestic partner as defined in N.J.S.A. 26:8A-3, or dependent child residing in the same household.
For the purposes of this Policy, “administrator” is defined as set forth in N.J.S.A. 18A:12-23.
No relative of a Board member or the Superintendent of Schools shall be employed in an office or position in this school district except that a person employed by the school district on the effective date of the Policy or the date a relative becomes a Board member or Superintendent shall not be prohibited from continuing to be employed or promoted in the district.
The Superintendent of Schools shall not recommend to the Board of Education pursuant to N.J.S.A. 18A:27-4.1 any relative of a Board member or the Superintendent. However, in accordance with N.J.A.C. 6A:23A-6.2(a)2, the district may employ a relative of a Board member or Superintendent of Schools provided the district obtains the approval from the Executive County
Superintendent of Schools. Such approval shall be granted only upon demonstration by the school district that it conducted a thorough search for candidates and that the proposed candidate is the only qualified and available person for the position.
In accordance with N.J.A.C. 6A:23A-6.2(a)6.(b), per diem substitutes and student employees who are relatives of a Board member or the Superintendent of Schools shall be excluded from the provisions of this Policy and N.J.A.C. 6A:23A-6.2.
A school district administrator or Board member who has a relative who is a member of the bargaining unit shall be prohibited from discussing or voting on the proposed collective bargaining agreement with that unit or from participating in any way in negotiations, including, but not limited to, being a member of the negotiating team; nor should that school district administrator be present with the Board in closed session when negotiation strategies are being discussed; provided however, that the administrator may serve as a technical resource to the negotiating team and may provide technical information necessary to the collective bargaining process when no one else in the district can provide such information.
A school district administrator or Board member who has an immediate family member who is a member of the same Statewide union in another school district shall be prohibited from participating in any way in negotiations, including but not limited to, being a member of the negotiating team or being present with the Board of Education in closed sessions when negotiation strategies are being discussed, prior to the Board of Education attaining a Tentative Memorandum of Agreement with the bargaining unit that includes a salary guide and total compensation package. Once the Tentative Memorandum of Agreement is established, a school district administrator with an immediate family member who is a member of the same State-wide union in another school district may fully participate in the process, absent other conflicts. Notwithstanding these provisions, a district administrator who has an immediate family member who is a member of the same Statewide union in another district may serve as a technical resource to the negotiating team and may provide technical information necessary to the collective bargaining process when no one else in the district can provide the information.
Adopted: April 2014
The preparation of each member for the performance of Board of Education duties is essential to the proper functioning of the Board. The Board encourages each new Board member in the acquisition of information about school district governance, the separate functions of the Board and the Superintendent, the operations of the district, and Board procedures.
The Board directs that each new member receive access to and/or a copy of the Board of Education Bylaw and Policy Manual, the manual of administrative regulations, each negotiated agreement, the current budget statement and audit report, and such other materials as deemed appropriate by the Superintendent.
Each new Board member will be invited and is encouraged to meet and discuss the responsibilities and authority of a Board member, Board functions, and Board policies and procedures with the Board President (if available), the Superintendent, and the Board Secretary.
Each newly elected or appointed Board member shall complete during the first year of the member’s first term a training program to be prepared and offered by the New Jersey School Boards Association, in consultation with the New Jersey Association of School Administrators, the New Jersey Principals and Supervisors Association, and the Department of Education, regarding the skills and knowledge necessary to serve as a Board member.
The training program shall include information regarding the school district monitoring system established pursuant to P.L. 2005, c. 235, the New Jersey Quality Single Accountability Continuum, and the five key components of school district effectiveness on which school districts are evaluated under the monitoring system: instruction and program; personnel; fiscal management; operations; and governance.
The Board member shall complete a training program on school district governance in each of the subsequent two years of the Board member’s first term.
Within one year after each re-election or re-appointment to the Board of Education, the Board member shall complete an advanced training program to be prepared and offered by the New Jersey School Boards Association. This advanced training program shall include information on relevant changes to New Jersey school law and other information deemed appropriate to enable the Board member to serve more effectively.
The New Jersey School Boards Association shall examine options for providing training programs to Board members through alternative methods such as on-line or other distance learning media or through regional-based training.
Within one year after being newly elected or appointed or being re-elected or re-appointed to the Board of Education, a Board member shall complete a training program on harassment, intimidation, and bullying in schools, including a school district’s responsibilities under P.L. 2002, c.83 (C.18A:37-13 et seq.). A Board member shall be required to complete the program only once. Training on harassment, intimidation, and bullying in schools shall be provided by the New Jersey School Boards Association, in consultation with recognized experts in school bullying from a cross section of academia, child advocacy organizations, nonprofit organizations, professional associations, and government agencies.
N.J.S.A.18A:12-33; 18A:37-13 et seq.
Adopted: 21 April 2005
Revised: August 2008
The membership of a Board of Education member shall terminate immediately upon:
1. The cessation of the member’s bona fide residency in the school district the member represents; or
2. The member’s election or appointment to the office of mayor or member of the governing body of VernonTownship; or
3. The member’s disqualification from voting pursuant to N.J.S.A. 19:4-1; or
4. The member’s conviction for false swearing for having falsely affirmed or declared that he/she is qualified to vote;
5. The removal of the member by the Commissioner of Education; or
6. Recall of a Board member pursuant to N.J.S.A. 19:27A-1 et seq.
A member who fails to attend three consecutive regular meetings of the Board without good cause may be removed from office on the affirmative votes of a majority of the remaining Board members, provided that:
1. The member’s removal was proposed at the immediately previous Board meeting; and
2. Notice of the proposed removal was given to the affected member at least five days in advance of the meeting at which the vote will be taken.
N.J.S.A. 18A:12-2; 18A:12-3; 18A:12-29
N.J.S.A. 19:27A-1 et seq.
Adopted: 21 April 2005